Rotator cuff tendinopathy

What is rotator cuff tendinopathy?

The rotator cuff is the set of shoulder muscles and tendons that provide stability to the shoulder joint.

The muscles that form the rotator cuff are: supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis, so any tendinopathy of any of these muscles is included in this group.

Rotator cuff injury is a general term to describe inflammation (pain and swelling) or damage to one or more of the muscles or tendons that make up the rotator cuff.


  • Localized shoulder joint pain on active movement
  • Localized shoulder joint pain at rest
  • Possible presence of tingling, weakness or altered sensation in arms
  • Possible presence of crepitus on movement in the joint

What are the possible causes?

  • Trauma
  • Maintenance of postures
  • Overuse
  • Loss of muscle tone


Rotator cuff tendinopathies are one of the most common upper limb pathologies in the population.

However, the prognosis is usually satisfactory, although treatment time will vary depending on the degree of injury and the number of tissues affected.


How do we treat rotator cuff tendinopathy?

First of all, a global, exhaustive and complete assessment of the musculoskeletal and nervous system is carried out, and depending on the results, we evaluate which type of treatment is the most appropriate for the patient. In a cross-cutting manner, the rehabilitation team will perform an intervention through therapeutic exercise.

Depending on the degree of injury, and together with the application of technology such as ultrasound-guided percutaneous intratissue electrolysis (EPI), and Echoguided Percutaneous Percutaneous Neuromodulation, Shock waves , Imoove or Magnetic Resonance Therapy (MBST), we will work with a program of control exercises, global postural reeducation (RPG) and/or strength exercises.

The Hyperbaric Chamber can be a great ally in the recovery, thanks to the oxygenation that occurs in the tissues that is produced in the tissues, reduces the recovery times of breaks, wounds, muscle injuries and bone fractures.

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